Advanced Psychotherapy Services
Gemstone Counseling Centre
A nonprofit organization dedicated to providing mental health services to all individuals
28916 Euclid Ave., Wickliffe, OH 44092
(440) 944-6565 ext. 1,
Fax (440) 944-0489,
email:
advpsyser@aol.com
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Domestic Violence

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Advanced Psychotherapy Services - Domestic Violence

 

Within the United States, one out of every four American women will experience violence by an intimate partner sometime during her lifetime. One out of every six women will be raped during her lifetime.

 

Domestic Violence Defined

Domestic violence occurs when a family member, partner or ex-partner attempts to physically or psychologically dominate or harm the other. The term "intimate partner violence" (IPV) is often used synonymously, other terms have included "wife beating", "wife battering", "Man Beating", "husband battering" "relationship violence", "domestic abuse", "spousal abuse", and "family violence" with some legal jurisdictions having specific definitions.

Estimates are that only about a third of cases of domestic violence are actually reported in the US and UK. In other places where there has been less attention and less support, reported cases would be still lower.
Domestic violence occurs in all cultures, people of all races, ethnicities, and religions can be perpetrators of domestic violence. Domestic violence is perpetrated by, and on, both men and women, and occurs in same-sex and opposite-sex relationships.

Awareness and documentation of domestic violence differs from country to country. Accordingly domestic violence is a serious, preventable public health problem affecting more than 32 million Americans, that is more than 10% of the U.S. population (Tjaden and Thoennes 2000).

Domestic violence has many forms, including physical violence, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, intimidation, economic deprivation or threats of violence. There are a number of dimensions:

  • mode - physical, psychological, sexual and/or social
  • frequency - one off, occasional, chronic
  • severity – in terms of both psychological or physical harm and the need for treatment – transitory or permanent injury – mild, moderate, severe up to homicide

The majority of studies investigated male on female domestic violence, thus information on female-on-male (or female-on-female) violence tends to be less available.
A Crime Against Women"

  • Although men are more likely to be victims of violent crime overall, a recent study by the U.S. Department of Justice reports that "intimate partner violence is primarily a crime against women."
  • Of those victimized by an intimate partner, 85% are women and 15% are men. In other words, women are 5 to 8 times more likely than men to be victimized by an intimate partner.
  • The vast majority of domestic assaults are committed by men. Even when men are victimized, 10% are assaulted by another man. In contrast, only 2% of women who are victimized are assaulted by another woman

Vulnerability Factors

  • Women age 16 to 24 are most likely to be victimized by an intimate partner.
  • African-American women experience more domestic violence than White women in the age group of 20-24. However, Black and White women experience the same level of victimization in all other age categories.
  • Hispanic women are less likely to be victimized than non-Hispanic women in every age group.
  • Women are most vulnerable to violence when separated from their intimate partner. The second most vulnerable group are those who are divorced .This can discourage women from leaving their abusive partner, out of fear that it will increase their risk of victimization.

Physical Injury

  • Approximately 40-50% of female victims are physically injured when assaulted by their intimate partner,=
  • accounting for over 200,000 visits to the hospital emergency room each year.
  • Only about 1 in 5 of domestic violence victims with physical injuries seek professional medical treatment.

Murder

  • Women are far more likely than men to be murdered by an intimate partner. Of those murdered by their intimate partner, 74% are women and 26% are men. In other words, nearly 3 out of 4 of the murders committed by intimate partners have a female victim.
  • The FBI reports that between 1976 and 1996, domestic violence claims the lives of more than four women each day.
  • Between 1976 and 1996, there was a "sharp decrease" in the number of men murdered by intimate partners, whereas the number of women murdered by an intimate partner remained constant.  Some have attributed this to the increasing availability of shelters which provide battered women with options other than killing an abusive partner. It is possible that some women who might have otherwise killed their abuser are able to leave and go to a shelter.

The Myth of "Mutuality"

  • Although many studies report that men and women use physical violence at equal rates within intimate relationships this fails to take into account the nature of the violence and the level of fear and injury experienced by each party.
  • Several studies document that women experience higher levels of fear than men do in domestic violence situations. This is perhaps because women in domestic violence situations are much more likely to be injured -- and injured severely -- than men are.
  • Recent years have seen an increase in the number of women arrested for domestic violence. For example, the percentage of women arrested for domestic violence increased in Concord, New Hampshire from 23% in 1993 to 35% in 1999. Vermont saw a similar increase from 16% in 1997 to 23% in 1999.

    Some have attributed this to the increase in "mandatory arrest" policies, in which police are required to make an arrest if there is probable cause that a person has committed domestic violence. Passage of these laws was advocated by feminists and domestic violence experts to address the inadequate response to domestic violence victims by law enforcement. When officers arrive at the scene of a domestic violence crime, they often cite evidence that both partners have engaged in some aggressive behavior, and arrest both the man and the woman. This "dual arrest" strategy fails to take into account which of two people is primarily responsible for the aggression and which one is responding out of self-defense, and can have devastating effects, particularly if there are children involved in the relationship.

Advanced Psychotherapy Services provides treatment in the form of both individual and group counseling so the issue of safety for both individuals as well as the community is of prime importance.

Sex Offender - Individual & Group Treatment Evaluations and Assessments, Individual and group treatment, Expert Witness for court proceedings.  The sex offender assessment is to help determine what treatment may be most appropriate for the individual, not to determine innocence or guilt.

Populations Serviced Adults, adolescents, couples, family, and court involved /mandated individuals, group and couples, as well as individual counseling.  Our offices are within 15 minutes of downtown Cleveland, and 15 minutes to the Lake County Seat of Painesville.  Accommodations can be made to provide both the evaluation and/or treatment right at the court or jail if this flexibility is needed. 

Anger Management & Domestic Violence Providing Both Individual and Group Treatment for Adults and Adolescents as well as their families and developed with attorneys and courts in mind for reasonable costs.

Chemical Dependency Issues Assessments as well as individual and group treatment. We are currently an SAP (Substance Abuse Provider) for the Department of Transportation.

Bureau of Workers' Compensation Assessments and treatment of psychological allowed claims. (C-9, C-19, and C-84 forms).
 General Mental Health issues including but not limited to Depression, Anxiety, Growth & Developmental issues, and Self-Esteem.  http://www.ohiobwc.com/                        

Insurance Coverage & Populations Serviced We accept most major insurance coverages, and can often work within the means of the individuals sometimes offering a sliding fee scale.   We are currently on most insurance panels and those we are not on will often accept a non-network provider and we are willing to accept their "Usual and Customary" fee.

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