Advanced Psychotherapy Services
Gemstone Counseling Centre
A nonprofit organization dedicated to providing mental health services to all individuals
28916 Euclid Ave., Wickliffe, OH 44092
(440) 944-6565 ext. 1,
Fax (440) 944-0489,
email:
advpsyser@aol.com
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Chemical Dependency & Alcohol Abuse

Advanced Psychotherapy Services
Advanced Psychotherapy Services - Chemical Dependency and Alcohol Abuse


It is a common misconception that if you could only get an alcoholic to stop drinking that their problem would be solved. This is not the case. Alcoholic's lack self-control or self-discipline that allows most people to stop drinking. They do not know any other way to "handle" the original problem that caused them to drink in the first place. 

 

Advanced Psychotherapy Services is a certified Department of Transportation (DOT) Substance Abuse Provider.

 

What are the signs and symptoms of
drug and alcohol abuse?

With the extent and diversity of available substances, the signs and symptoms of substance abuse vary widely. For example, whereas the primary initial physical signs of LSD are hallucinations, the signs for opioids such as Vicodin are euphoria and drowsiness.

Physical

Fatigue, repeated health complaints, red and glazed eyes, and possibly a lasting cough

Emotional

Personality change, sudden mood changes, low self-esteem, irritability, irresponsible behavior, poor judgment, depression, general lack of interest

Family

Starting arguments, breaking rules, withdrawing from the family and from friends

School and work

Decreased interest, negative attitude, drop in grades or productivity, many absences, truancy, discipline problems

Social Problems

New anti-social friends, problems with the law, changes to less conventional styles in dress and music less time spent with “old” healthier friends.  Change in values One begins to “normalize”  or do activities and behaviors that otherwise would have never been done.

What are the effects of substance abuse?

In addition to these lifestyle changes, drug abuse can have serious short- and long-term medical effects, among which are:

  • dangerously increased heart rate and blood pressure
  • hepatitis or AIDS through shared needles
  • violent, erratic, or paranoid behavior and hallucinations
  • clinical depression
  • sleeplessness and tremors
  • liver, lung, and kidney impairment
  • sudden death (from misuse of inhalants, or from heart attack or stroke).

Most of the most serious medical effects result if and when a drug abuser becomes addicted to a drug or drugs. The sequence of events often is as follows:

  • They experiment with a popular addictive drug.
  • They enjoys the euphoria and repeats the use again and again.
  • They may try to stop using the drug.
  • They can't stop; the brain demands the drug.
  • The drug use is compulsive; They are addicted

How is drug addiction treated?

Treatment for people who abuse drugs but are not yet addicted to them most often consists of behavioral therapies, such as:

  • psychotherapy,
  • counseling,
  • support groups, or
  • family therapy.

Drug addiction is treatable, but treating drug-addicted people often requires a combination of behavioral therapies and medications. The primary medically assisted withdrawal method for narcotic addiction is to switch the patient to a comparable drug that produces milder withdrawal symptoms, and then gradually taper off the substitute medication.

What causes drug/alcohol addiction?

People use substances for many reasons, such as:

  • curiosity or experimentation
  • peer pressure or desire to be part of a group
  • a sense of relaxation and pleasurable euphoria
  • numbing effect that helps to ease physical or emotional pain.

It is not likely that anyone begins using a drug with the intention of becoming addicted. However, the very qualities that lead to use are in themselves addictive. In addition, addiction results in painful withdrawal symptoms when stopped suddenly, providing another incentive to continue using.

The medical causes of drug addiction are not fully known. Researchers can only state with assurance that the repeated use of addictive drugs can bring about dramatic changes in both the structure and the function of the brain in destructive ways that can result in compulsive drug use.

The most recent scientific research speculates that some people may be more prone to drug addiction than others and that there may be genes that predispose certain people to addiction. However, an even more important factor in the cause of addiction may be social circumstances, which include:

  • low self-esteem
  • emotional distress
  • patterns of use in the addict's family or subculture
  • peer pressure
  • advertising or media influence
  • easy access.

Alcohol Abuse

Alcohol Statistics

  • Each year, a typical young person in the United States is inundated with more than 1,000 commercials for beer and wine coolers in addition to several thousand fictional drinking incidents on television.
  • Alcohol is involved in 50% of all driving fatalities.
  • In the United States, every 30 minutes, someone is killed in an alcohol related traffic accident.
  • Over 15 million Americans are dependent on alcohol. 500,000 are between the age of 9 and 12.
  • Each year the liquor industry spends almost $2 billion dollars on advertising and encouraging the consumption of alcoholic beverages.
  • Americans spend over $90 billion dollars on alcohol each year.
  • On average, Americans may consume over 25 gallons of beer, 2 gallons of wine, and 1.5 gallons of distilled spirits each year.
  • Pregnant women who drink are feeding alcohol to their babies. Unfortunately the underdeveloped liver of the baby can only burn alcohol at half the rate of its mother, so the alcohol stays in the baby's system twice as long.
  • Each year, students spend $5.5 billion on alcohol. That is more than they spend on soft drinks, tea, milk, juice, coffee, or books combined.
  • 56% of students in grade 5 to 12 say that alcohol advertising encourages them to drink.
  • 6.6% of employees in full time jobs report heavy drinking, defined as drinking five or more drinks per occasion on five or more days in the past 30 days.
  • The highest percentage of heavy drinkers (12.2%) is found among unemployed adults between the age of 26 to 34.
  • Up to 40% of all industrial fatalities and 47% of industrial injuries can be linked to alcohol consumption and alcoholism.
  • In 2000, almost 7 million persons age 12 to 20 were binge drinkers. That means about one in five persons under the legal drinking age were binge drinkers.
  • The 2001 survey shows 25 million (one in ten) Americans surveyed reported driving under the influence of alcohol. This report is nearly three million more than the previous year. Among young adults age 18 to 25 years, almost 23% drove under the influence of alcohol.
  • Drunk driving is proving to be even deadlier than what we previously knew. The latest death statistics released by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), using a new method of calculation, shows that 17,488 people where killed in alcohol related traffic accidents last year. This report represents nearly 800 more people were killed than the previous year.
    Alcohol is the number 1 drug problem in America.
  • 43% of Americans have been exposed to alcoholism in their families.
  • Nearly 1 out of 4 Americans admitted to hospitals have alcohol problems or are undiagnosed alcoholics being diagnosed for alcohol related consequences.
  • Alcohol and alcohol related problems are costing the American economy at least $100 million in health care and loss of productivity every year.
  • Four in ten criminal offenders report alcohol as a factor in violence.
  • Among spouse violence victims, three out of four incidents were reported to have involved alcohol use by the offender.
    In 1996, local law enforcement agencies made an estimated 1,467,300 arrests nationwide for driving under the influence of alcohol.

It is a common misconception that if you could only get an alcoholic to stop drinking that their problem would be solved. This is not the case. Alcoholic's lack self-control or self-discipline that allows most people to stop drinking. They do not know any other way to "handle" the original problem that caused them to drink in the first place.

Of course getting the person to stop drinking is the initial step in helping them recover from alcoholism. The second step is helping them handle the initial problem that caused them to drink in the first place. Helping the individual handle this initial problem is an essential part of any successful rehabilitation program.

Only by providing the individual with the tools needed to handle life without the use of alcohol will they be able to live alcohol free. Once they have these tools they can conquer any problem that comes their way with confidence. They are now able to live an alcohol free life and be a happy, healthy, and productive member of society once again.

Sex Offender - Individual & Group Treatment Evaluations and Assessments, Individual and group treatment, Expert Witness for court proceedings.  The sex offender assessment is to help determine what treatment may be most appropriate for the individual, not to determine innocence or guilt.

Populations Serviced Adults, adolescents, couples, family, and court involved /mandated individuals, group and couples, as well as individual counseling.  Our offices are within 15 minutes of downtown Cleveland, and 15 minutes to the Lake County Seat of Painesville.  Accommodations can be made to provide both the evaluation and/or treatment right at the court or jail if this flexibility is needed. 

Anger Management & Domestic Violence Providing Both Individual and Group Treatment for Adults and Adolescents as well as their families and developed with attorneys and courts in mind for reasonable costs.

Chemical Dependency Issues Assessments as well as individual and group treatment. We are currently an SAP (Substance Abuse Provider) for the Department of Transportation.

Bureau of Workers' Compensation Assessments and treatment of pschological allowed claims. (C-9, C-19, and C-84 forms).
 General Mental Health issues including but not limited to Depression, Anxiety, Growth & Developmental issues, and Self-Esteem.  http://www.ohiobwc.com/                        

Insurance Coverage & Populations Serviced We accept most major insurance coverages, and can often work within the means of the individuals sometimes offering a sliding fee scale.   We are currently on most insurance panels and those we are not on will often accept a non-network provider and we are willing to accept their "Usual and Customary" fee.

We service Adults, adolescents, couples, family, and court involved /mandated individuals, group and couples, as well as individual counseling.  Our offices are within 15 minutes of downtown Cleveland, and 15 minutes to the Lake County Seat of Painesville.  Accommodations can be made to provide both the evaluation and/or treatment right at the court or jail if this flexibility is needed. 

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